Celebrities Narcissistic Syndrome

Narcissistic personality disorder must be diagnosed by a properly trained mental health professional (such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or licensed social worker) through a process of personal interviews, observations, psychological tests, and interviews with significant others. The diagnosis can be made when an individual meets at least five of the following nine characteristics.

1. A grandiose sense of self-importance. A person with NPD exaggerates his achievements and talents, and expects to be recognized as superior without the qualities to support that conclusion.

2. A preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.

3. A sense of specialness, a belief that he is so unique tha he can only be understood by, or should only associate with, other special or high-status individuals or institutions.

4. A need for excessive admiration.

5. A heightened sense of entitlement, leading to unreasonable expectations that others should treat him especially favorably, or comply automatically with his expectations.

6. A tendency to be interpersonally exploitative. A person with NPD does not hesitate in taking advantage of others to meet his or her own ends.

7. A lack of empathy, an inability or unwillingness to recognize or identify with the feelings or needs of others.

8. An envy of other people, or, conversely, a belief that other people envy him.

9. A tendency toward arrogant behavior or attitude. One reason it’s difficult to diagnose NPD is that the various Cluster B personality disorders all share certain characteristics, among them grandiosity, lack of empathy, exploitative interpersonal relations, and a need to be seen as special or unique. Instead, specialists typically distinguish NPD from borderline, antisocial, and histrionic disorders by the absence of certain behaviors.

Narcissists are rarely inclined to hurt themselves, for instance, whereas individuals with borderline personality disorder are prone to selfinjury and attempted suicide. Narcissists avoid intimacy, while people with histrionic or borderline disorders exhibit intense desires for relationships. Narcissists rarely commit violent crimes, but individuals with antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy have no remorse over using physical violence.

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